Tuesday, 5 November 2013



Jodhpur city is popularly known as ‘SURYANAGARI’ due to some geographical factors-
  1. The solar radiation average in KWH/sq.m is one of the highest in the country, which is 6.0 KWH/sq.m. In the months of May and June it gets further increased to 7.4 KWH/sq.m.
  2. The available sunshine is comparatively longer, which is 8.5 as an average.
  3. Owing to above facts the temperature is also higher. The highest temperature recorded so far is 48 degree Celsius. The higher temperature influences the flow of winds. It reaches up to 14.2 km per hour.
  4. the abundant solar radiation, sunshine and higher wind flow further influence the humidity. In the month of April it is 31% at 8.30 A.M. and drops to 14% in the afternoon.
  5. The cloudy days are few, with an average of 18 days, and an average of 360-370mm.
Jodhpur city is also known as Blue city or the Gateway of the Thar desert. The city has a long and glorious historical past characterized by the valiance of the Rathore clan of Rajputs that ruled for over six centuries.


Jodhpur district comprises of  11 tehsils- Jodhpur, Bawari, Balesar, Pipar, Phalodi, Osian, Bhopalgarh, Baap, Shergarh, Luni and Bilara. It has seven subdivisions- Jodhpur,  Pipar, Phalodi, Osian, Bhopalgarh, , Shergarh, Luni  and 10 panchayat samitis. The district has 10 state assembly seats.


According to polulation census 2011 total population is 36,85,681.
Sex ratio is 915 per thousand male.
Density is 161 persons per sq. km.
Literacy rate is 67.06 (Male literacy 80.46 and Female Literacy 52.57)


It is quite a matter of debate regarding origin of Rathore clan of Rajputs. Various theories has been propounded-

  1. The clan originated from the Rashtrakuta dynasty of the south.
  2. The founder of Rathore clan Rao Sihaji, was the prince of Kannauj and son of  king Jaichand.
  3. They belonged to the Badayun dynasty of Western Uttar Pradesh.
  4. They migrated from present Western Uttar-pradesh to Pali region of Rajasthan and founded dynasty.
The tenth descendent of  Rao Sihaji, Rao Chunda consolidated his powers in Mandore, the territory previously held by Parihars in 1395 A.D.

The detailed family tree of Rathores of Marwar can be viewed from the link http://bajekan.abhinayrathore.com/rathore_vanshavali.php and http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~princelystates/states/r/rathore.html

  1. MEHARANGARH FORT- Built in 1459 A.D. by Rao Jodha on chidiayatoonk hill at the height of 125 meters, spreading over 4 km on a perpendicular plane. The walls of Moti Mahal, Sheesh Mahal, and Phool Mahal is exquisitely latticed and elaborately carved and adorned, which makes it one of the best Forts in India.
  2. Jaswant Thada- It is cenotaph of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II, built in white marble. It is situated close to Jodhpur Fort.
  3. Ummaid Bhawan Palace- Built in 1940’s to employ people of Jodhpur stricken by long famine. A part of palace is museum, one part is running as a Taj group Hotel and one part is the residence of Maharaja of Jodhpur.
  4. Ganesh Temple- Founded 150 years ago on Rata doongari. It has a 8” statue of Lord Ganesha.
  5. Mandore- Known as ancient capital of Marwar, situated towards North, hardly 8 kms from the main city. The hall of fame is worth visited. Sixteen statues are carved from a single rock, includes statue of Shri Ramdev, Harbuji, etc. which are revered gods of this region. It is royal cenotaphs of King of Marwar. There is a large garden but not well maintained. The ruins of the old fort lies on the hill of Mandore.
  6. Balsamand lake and Palace- The palace consists of  finely carved and latticed windows was built by the Maharaja Sur Singhji near Balsamand lake in 19th century.
  7. Kaylana lake- Constructed by Sir Pratap Singh in 1872 spreads on over 80 sq. kms area . Recently the Lake has been developed by Jodhpur development Authority. Boating facility has also been provided to the tourists.
  8. Osian- It is ancient city of Marwar situated 65 km from jodhpur, is famous for Sun temple, Sachiya templeand 16 jain temples dedicated to Lord Mahavira, the last Jain tirthankars.
  9. Rai- ka- Baag- Palace- Built by Haadi Rani of Maharaja Jaswant Singh I. Swami Dayanand stayed and gave sermons in this palace.
  10. Ranchodji Temple- constructed in red stone by Jadeja Queen of  Maharaja Jaswant Singh I.
  11. Ummed Garden- Developed by Maharaja Ummed Singh in 80 acres. It also housed Jodhpur Zoo. There is a Government Museum at the centre of the garden.
  12. Siddha Nath- Temble is situated near Takhat Sagar hills, was developed by Saints Narain swani and Nepali baba- a four fingered in his hand and foot.
  13. Achal Nath Shivalaya- Built in 1531 by queen Nanak Devi of Maharaja Rao Ganga in Chittar stone.
  14. Others- Guda Bishnoi, Fort Khejarla, Jaswant Sagar Dam, Arna Jharna, Ghanta Ghar, Shyam Bihari temple Chopasani, Samadhi of Saint chidianathji at Palasani, Lake Gulab sagar